What is Vitamin B2

Vitamin B also another name is Riboflavin. This is essential for human body. One of the other complex-vitamins B. They are used in many functions like energy production, cell growth, and metabolism like vitamin B. But many other benefits they have.

riboflavin is verbally yellow enzyme. It also use in coloring or food colors yellow to orange. vitamin B2 is heat stable and light sensitives.

What is vitamin B2? It is water-soluble. It is found in grain, wheat, dairy products and also available as a supplement. Some people take vitamin B2 to maintain healthy hair, skin, mouth infection, and different benefits.

Vitamin B2 is an essential component. Riboflavin deficiency affects millions of people. The leading cause of Riboflavin deficiency is to eat much red meat and cheese. That decreases the vitamin B amount in the body. Many people use many supplements of vitamin B2 or Riboflavin.

Health Benefits of Vitamin B2

  • Protect Healthy Hairs And Skin
  • Prevent Anemia
  • Benefits For Eyesight
  • Prevent From Cancer
  • Promote Growth And Regulation
  • Help Protective Nervous System
  • Maintain Energy Levels

Natural Food Source Of Vitamin B2

  • Spinach
  • Oysters
  • Sesame Seed
  • Portabella Mushroom
  • Mackerel
  • Gjetost Cheese
  • Wild Salmon
  • Almonds
  • Feta Cheese
  • Lean Steak
  • Milk And Dairy Products
  • Meat
  • Liver
  • Egg
  • Fish

Artificial Source

  • Enriched grain/Wheat
  • Vitamin B complex supplement

Biochemistry of Vitamin B2

Riboflavin is a good source of green leafy vegetables, green leafy vegetables. That means riboflavin is abundant in whatever diet we are taking: vegetarian or non-vegetarian, a perfect amount of vitamin we can see in all these sources.

Coming to the daily requirement of riboflavin, the dietary requirement of riboflavin is about 1.5 milligrams per day. It would be sufficient if you consume 1.5 milligrams of riboflavin through these dietary sources. The active form of riboflavin or also called coenzyme form, are 2; one is FMN, and another one is FAD. These are the active forms of vitamin riboflavin.
What is this FMN? FMN stands for flavin mononucleotide, flavin mononucleotide. Similarly, FAD stands for flavin dinucleotide. These two are essential coenzymes of riboflavin. They play a vital role in carbohydrate metabolism, protein metabolism, lipid metabolism, and nucleic acid metabolism.

Biochemical Functions

It is energy generating vitamin. It involve cellular respiration and specially it also involve the oxidation and reduction reaction.

  • Riboflavin is concerned with the regulatory functions of some hormones involved in carbohydrate metabolism.
  • The retina contains free riboflavin, which is converted by light to a compound involved in the optic nerve’s stimulation.
  • Riboflavin plays an essential role in many enzyme systems involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates,
  • fats, and proteins.
  • Riboflavin mononucleotide (FMN) and riboflavin adenine dinucleotide(FAD) are part of the enzymes or acts as coenzymes.

Side Effects and Toxicity

  • A high intake of dietary or supplemental riboflavin has no known effects of toxicity.
  • Absorption becomes less efficient at higher doses. Also, minimal amounts are stored in body tissues, and excess riboflavin is flushed out of the body with urine.
  • As a result, the safe upper intake level of riboflavin has not been established.

The Essential Functions

They act as an electron carrier for an oxide reduction reaction. So this reaction can occur in amino acid, protein, carbohydrate, lipid, and electron transport chain and help in the maintenance of mucosal cell integrity.

The deficiency disorders, we know that riboflavin is very much essential for the maintenance of normal mucosal cell integrity. Riboflavin deficiency will lead to angular stomatitis. That means inflammation of the mouth’s angle, angular stomatitis, cheilosis, cheilosis means again fissure in the lip or the angle of the mouth.

If there any inflammation in the mouth’s angle, we call angular stomatitis, any infection, or inflammation. If there any fissure in the mouth’s angle, we call CHEI stands for lip okay. It is cheilosis, and Glossitis is inflammation of the tongue. Glossitis means inflammation of the tongue.

Riboflavin deficiency is very rare because it is abundant in almost all the food we are consuming. Whenever there is a deficiency of riboflavin, we also see other water-soluble vitamins’ efficiency, other water-soluble vitamins.

Vitamin B2 deficiency is very rare because it is very abundant in whatever natural food we are consuming. So the primary manifestation is related to oral manifestations that have inflammation or inflammation of the angle of the mouth, we call angular stomatitis, or if there any fissure in the lip we call cheilosis,  any inflammation of the tongue, we call Glossitis, dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis,

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