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Is Marijuana A Depressant Or A Stimulant? How It work

Is Marijuana A Depressant Or A Stimulant?

is marijuana a depressantMarijuana is extracted from the plant of cannabis by drying flowers and leaves it. It has been used for a long time back due to multiple reasons. Its effect can be on physical health, leaving a long-lasting impact behind. Invigoration in energy levels and uplifting in creativity are the main benefits of Marijuana. Though it has been used for many purposes, the question of being is marijuana a depressant or stimulant is still unanswered.

According to a publication by the National Institutes of Health, Marijuana can have both stimulant and depressant effects. For instance, sleeping pills and sedatives are depressants; while, on the other hand, caffeine is a stimulant. Likewise, Marijuana has both stimulant and depressant characteristics depending upon the situation by which its particular amount is used.

In this article, we are going to discuss

  • Psychoactive Drugs
  • Types Of Drugs
  • Marijuana Lies In Which Drug Category?

Marijuana’s effect on the human body lasts just like that of alcohol, and it starts as soon as possible. Before searching a question, whether Marijuana is a depressant or stimulant, let’s find out how drugs are classified.

Psychoactive Drugs?

These drugs directly hit the human body’s brain function by altering its normal working and psychological ability. They lead to disorientation in thoughts and alteration in perceptions or consciousness, resulting in behavioral changes.

The same goes with Marijuana as it also performs a variety of actions, including constructing a feeling of anxiety and headache. Its high usage can leads to deteriorating decision-making powers, destruction of emotional health, and memory losses. All these effect the question raise is marijuana a depressant or a Depressant?

According to NIH (National Institute of drug abuse), Marijuana lies in psychoactive drugs due to its properties.

Types of Drugs

  • Depressants
  • Stimulants
  • Hallucinogens



As the name represents, it disrupts the central nervous system badly misconducting its performances over the whole body. The brain and spinal cord accept various disadvantages as both of them consist of the central nervous system.

The complex arrangement of neurons (nerves and cells) responsibly performs the process of sending the signals and messages to different parts of the body.

There is a specific rate at which signals reach over the whole body. A sufficient amount of depressants produces harmful effects by slowing down the rate of messages carried out.

A depressant might probably minimize the anxiety at the same time by relieving the muscles and leading to unusual sleep. The brain function is slow down with its usage.

Marijuana can have depressant effects:

  1. Muscles freshen up
  2. Feelings of less anxiety
  3. Sleep well

The depressant is likely to cause side effects:

  1. Memory problems
  2. Disturbing Emotional health
  3. Deteriorating psychological behavior
  4. Lack of concentration
  5. Reduction in respond

So to answer a question, is marijuana a depressant?

The answer is yes sometimes depending upon the amount being used and routine.


As the name represents, it stimulates brain function and adds the spinal cord’s performance via improving the central nervous system of the body.

The energy by which an individual is likely to increase at the moment one takes it. Additionally, it can cause the betterment in the mood by speeding up the creativity in the behavior. Likewise, one feels focused on the particular phase of time & situation.

We can see stimulant presence in physical health like:

  1. Checking the blood pressure
  2. Observing the heartbeat rate
  3. Noticing the rate of breathing

It has a significant influence on the brain by targeting dopamine and norepinephrine. Both have different impacts; for instance, the mood is related to dopamine while the second one has the following effects:

  1. Vessels of blood
  2. Blood Pressure
  3. Heart rate
  4. The sugar level in the blood
  5. Rate of breathing

Aside from creating alertness, stimulant has a variety of side effects too, listed below:

  1. Feelings of nervousness
  2. Unease in the behavior
  3. Chances of severe attacks


Hallucinogen disturbs the brain function leaving behind severe effects on the central nervous system. Deterioration in the thoughts and emotional health is due to hallucinogen as it changes your senses and decision-making capabilities.

The insight of reality is as important as the whole matter is. The sensory perceptions, therefore, can lead to the following effects by the hallucinogens:

  1. Watching/seeing more brighter colors on the screen/routine
  2. Hearing sounds variably
  3. Feel more shy and sensitive to touch anything

Hallucinogen can cause severe symptoms having intense side effects:

  1. Heart rate increases
  2. Nausea
  3. Paranoia


We have discussed the multiple types of drugs; now, the question arises in which category Marijuana falls.

Interestingly, Marijuana fits in all the types mentioned above, thanks to its medicinal characteristics. Only, it can be a depressant, a stimulant, a hallucinogen. Marijuana consists of 500 different naturally occurring compounds; some act as stimulants and others may behave like depressants and hallucinogens.

To address the query of what category of drugs suits most for Marijuana, let’s discuss Marijuana with each of them one by one.


is marijuana a depressantIs marijuana a depressant? There are not sufficient evidence and arguments in the current era to consider Marijuana as a cause or treatment for depressant. However, studies have shown that its huge amount can cause various depression problems.

The process by which messages are sent to different body parts by the brain is disturbed or sometimes slowed down due to high doses of Marijuana. To take its huge amount can increase Gamma-aminobutyric acid levels in the brain system.

The activity of sending and receiving messages decreases as GABA blocks the brain signals by altering the central nervous system’s process.

The common symptoms due to Marijuana as a depressant are:

  1. Feelings of relaxation
  2. Muscle fatigue
  3. Active behavior
  4. Creativity

As far as good impacts are concerned, there are some other adverse effects of Marijuana as a depressant:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Speak haltingly
  3. Blood pressure decreases
  4. Memory losses for a short term
  5. Disorientation in thoughts

High doses are likely to produce cardiac arrest and increase the death rate by speeding up the heart rate. However, fatalities due to the low amount of usage are rare.

Its frequent use can lead an individual to addiction to Marijuana. You become dependent on Marijuana in a variety of daily life, for instance, sleeping patterns and toilet needs.



Marijuana can be acted as a stimulant as it speeds up the spinal cord’s performance. The brain delivers and receives messages from the body very quickly. As a result, human focus increases by giving full attention.

Stimulant does precisely the opposite to that of stimulant if taking as an average. It stimulates the whole process throughout the body as its consumer becomes more active.

Aside from its benefits, the stimulant can have a variety of harmful effects:

  1. Irregular heartbeat patterns
  2. Heart failure sometimes
  3. Anxiety
  4. Paranoia

Marijuana, as a stimulant, can install a risk of dependency if to use frequently. Still, one can have mood changes due to addiction.


Hallucinogens cause the reasons for distortion and disturbance in the perception of reality. The way by which one takes some special thing undergone various changes owing to hallucinogens. Under the influence, an individual may see and hear real things or may have heightened sensory perception.

Feel shy or being more sensitive to touch things around can be the possible outcome of using Marijuana. Due to this, Marijuana falls in the category of hallucinogen. Additionally, it results to see color brighter and hearing sounds differently.

The research studied has shown that Marijuana as a hallucinogen alters how the process of communication between the brain and the body proceeds. Marijuana interference in the spinal cord activity causes to fit in Marijuana in hallucinogens. Needless to say, it leads to hallucinations.

Hallucinogens may have other effects:

  1. Aggression
  2. The panic situation on the body
  3. Alteration in senses
  4. Paranoia

Usually, hallucinogen is safe to use, avoiding severe effects. The chances of dependence and addiction are minimum or very rare.



Is marijuana a depressant? Marijuana has been used for recreational purposes and is to be taken as treatment or cause of depression. Its use on a doctor’s recommendation is significant but stuck to its addiction brings a variety of diseases back.

The user may experience it as a stimulant to speed up brain function or a depressant to slow down brain performance. It can have it as a hallucinogen by disrupting the communications,

The bottom line is that Marijuana affects every consumer differently depending upon the concentration and routine. Getting habitual to Marijuana, definitely, triggers many of the side effects in the end.






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